Meningitis, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

Meningitis jpg

Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges. This affects the protective membranes of the brain and the spinal cord. Depending on the causing agent, some can be spread from one person to the next through contact, sneezing, or kissing with those that are infected. It may be viral, fungal, or bacterial.


  1. Bacteria – They cause life-threatening meningitis that can lead to death within days if a proper antibiotic is not given. Delay treatment increases the risk of one having permanent brain damage. It may be due to blood infection, ear or sinus infection There are several strains of bacteria that causes meningitis. Include:

2. Viral e.g. enteroviruses like herpes simplex virus and mumps virus.

3. Fungal- contracted when one breathes in fungal spores in the soil, bird droppings, or decaying wood.

4. Parasitic meningitis causes eosinophilic meningitis. Occurs when parasite infections like tapeworms reach the brain.

5. Chemical reactions.

6. Drug allergies.

Symptoms of meningitis.

So, the symptoms in newborns and infants are:

In addition, in people from 2 years of age:

  • Seizers.
  • High fever.
  • Nausea.
  • Stiff neck.
  • Confusion.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Painful headaches.
  • Sleepiness.
Meningitis infection

Risk factor for meningitis.

  1. Age.
  2. Vaccination.
  3. Community setting.
  4. Pregnancy.
  5. Weak immune system.


The longer one has an infection without treatment the more severe the complication. Complications include:

  • Loss of hearing.
  • Memory loss.
  • Brain damage.
  • Seizures.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Shock.
  • Death.

Prevention of meningitis.

  • Good hygiene practices like washing hands.
  • Vaccination.



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