What is Leukemia, types, signs, diagnosis, treatment?

Leukemia jpg

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. It leads to the rapid growth of abnormal white blood cells. However, it occurs in the bone marrow where blood cells are produced.

Classification

So, it is classified into two:

  1. Progression of the disease.

2. The cell type.

  • Myeloid leukemia -affects the myeloid cells. They are the ones that give rise to the platelets, red blood cells, the white blood cells.
  • Lymphocytic – affects the lymphoid cells that form lymphoid tissues.

Types of leukemia.

Signs of leukemia.

  • Fever.
  • One frequently gets infections.
  • Pale skin.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Bone and joint pain.
  • Easily bruising or bleeding.
  • Body fatigue.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes.
Leukemia symptom

Risk factors.

  • Family history.
  • Smokers are at a higher risk of getting acute myelogenous.
  • Previous cancer treatment.
  • Genetic disorders e.g. down syndrome.
  • Product consumption e.g. benzene.
  • Exposure to industrial chemicals.

Diagnosis.

Treatment.

  • Targeted therapy- block any abnormalities in cancer cell thus killing them.
  • Chemotherapy- is the major treatment, that uses chemical drugs to kill its cells.
  • Immunotherapy- uses the immune system to fight leukemia.
  • Bone marrow transplant- also known as stem cells. Helps by replacing the bone marrow with leukemia-free stem cells that regenerate to a healthy bone marrow.
  • Radiation therapy- the leukemia cells are exposed to energy beams that damage them and stop their growth.
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