What is gonorrhea, its symptoms, and its causes?

Stop gonorrhea
Stop gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that infects both genders. The most affected parts are the urethra, throat, and rectum. However, the cervix is mostly affected in females. It is spread through sexual intercourse in adults and in infants during childbirth by an infected mother. Using condoms and abstaining are some of the ways of preventing gonorrhea. It mostly affects those between 15 and 24 years of age.

Therefore, lack of treatment leads to problems in the long run such as infertility in women. The use of antibiotics cures and helps reduce the effects of future problems. Those who have contracted gonorrhea before are at a higher risk of contracting it again.

Causes of gonorrhea.

So, a bacterium known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes gonorrhea. It is transmitted through sexual intercourse. Those who practice gay are also at a bigger risk of contracting gonorrhea. Some of the factors that increase the risk of contracting gonorrhea include

  • Previous history of gonorrhea or any other sexually transmitted disease.
  • Multiple sex partners.
  • Frequent change of sex partners.

Symptoms of gonorrhea.

Signs of gonorrhea

In men the following symptoms are experienced ;

  • Pain while urinating.
  • pus discharge from the penis tip.
  • Swelling and a painful testicle.

In women the following are the signs;

  • Pain while urinating.
  • Bleeding in the vagina, especially after sexual intercourse.
  • Pain in the abdomen.
  • Vagina discharge.
  • An urge to frequently urinate.
  • Heavy periods.

Gonorrhea also affects the mouth and the throat and its symptoms include;

  • Increased sore throat.
  • A reddish color appears in the throat.
  • Lymph nodes swelling.

However, it also spreads to the eyes especially when a person touches the eyes after touching the genitals without thoroughly washing hands. Symptoms of gonorrhea in the eye include

Gonorrhea
  • Pain in the eye.
  • Reddish color in the eye.
  • Presence of mucus around the eye.

Ways to prevent gonorrhea.

The following are measures one can practice to reduce the risk of contracting gonorrhea.

  • Minimizing sexual partners.
  • Frequent gonorrhea screening.
  • Practicing the use of condoms.
  • Abstinence.