Respiratory tract infections, types, causes, treatment.

Symptoms of Respiratory Tract infections jpg

Respiratory Tract Infections refer to infections that affect the part of the body responsible for breathing. However, those at risk are infants, young children, the old, smokers, those with weak immune systems, and those with lung or heart problems. The infection affects the :

  • Throat.
  • Lung.
  • Sinuses.
  • The airways.

Some of the common respiratory infections are:

Those at a higher risk of respiratory tract infections are:

  1. Pregnant women.
  2. The elderly.
  3. Those with weak immune systems e.g. HIV positive individuals.
  4. History of chronic medical conditions such as diabetes.

Types of respiratory infection.

  1. Upper respiratory tract infection– Affects the throat and the sinuses. Diseases that affect the upper respiratory tract include:
  • Sore throat.
  • Sinus infection.
  • Common cold.
  • Laryngitis.
  • Epiglottitis.

2. Lower respiratory tract infections- They affect the lung and the airways. They last longer and are life-threatening if no treatment is given on time. Infections include:

  • Chest infection.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Bronchiolitis.
  • Bronchitis.

Causes of respiratory tract infections

Infection occurs when a virus or a bacteria enters the body. It can be through touching contaminated areas, and coming into contact with infected individuals. This leads to the virus entering the body.


  • Fever.
  • Coughing.
  • Running nose.
  • Sore throat.
  • Red eyes.
  • Hoarse voice.
  • Fatigue.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.

Prevention measures for respiratory tract infections

Respiratory Tract Infections
  • Good personal hygiene by washing hands before eating and after visiting the toilet.
  • Getting the required vaccines through immunization.
  • No smoking.
  • Seek treatment when not feeling well.
  • Proper resting.
  • Wear face masks.
  • Avoid being in overcrowding places.
  • Avoid touching the face.


Home remedies for Respiratory tract infections

These are practices that help especially with infections affecting lower respiratory infections. They include:


  • Use of antibiotics.
  • Proper resting so as to recover.
  • Increase fluid intake.
  • Pain reliever.
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