What is an Ovarian cyst, types, symptoms, treatments?

Ovarian cyst jpg

What is an ovarian cyst? Females have a pair of ovaries whose size and shape are like that of an almond located on each side of the uterus. An ovarian cyst is a growth-like sac or pocket that may be solid or fluid-filled and may develop within/on the surface of the ovary. Most ovarian cysts are harmless and may go away on their own with no treatment needed but there are some that rupture leading to a serious problem. Ovarian cyst form as a result of the menstrual cycle.


  • Functional cysts- each month a follicle develops in the ovaries and it’s responsible for releasing the ova when a female ovulates. Functional cyst occurs when the follicles continue to increase in size and they are of two types:
  1. Corpus luteum cysts result from fluid buildup in the follicle when the ova opening gets blocked.
  2. Follicular cyst- occurs when the follicles don’t rupture but continue to grow.

Symptoms of ovarian cyst.

Risk factors of ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst risks are higher if one has:


Diagnosis of ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst scan
  1. Pregnancy test where a positive test for someone who is not sexually active may suggest a corpus luteum cyst.
  2. Pelvic ultrasound- helps to determine the location, size, and appearance and also to confirm the presence of a cyst.
  3. Pelvic examination.
  4. Use of a laparoscopy.
  5. Tumor markers tests e.g. CA125 (cancer antigen 125) whose levels may be elevated in non-cancerous conditions like pelvic inflammatory disease.


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