What is the West Nile virus, signs, and symptoms?

The west Nile virus spread
The west Nile virus spread

The West Nile virus is a mosquito-transmitted virus. In most cases, patients infected with the West Nile virus do not develop major signs and symptoms. However, some patients develop a life-threatening illness that affects the spinal cord or the brain. Mosquito exposure where the West Nile virus lives increases the chances of being infected.

Causes

The virus spreads through infected mosquito bites. After infection from biting birds, mosquitoes carry the virus and spread it. However, a person cannot contract it from interaction with an animal or person who has the infection Most infections occur during warm weather when mosquitoes are active. A duration of 4-10 days takes place for the appearance of the signs and symptoms. Areas, where the West Nile virus has been reported, include Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Europe.

Signs and Symptoms of West Nile virus.

So, some of the lenient signs and symptoms include

  • Abnormal temperatures in the body.
  • Frequent headaches.
  • Frequent diarrhea.
  • Too much fatigue.

Serious signs and symptoms include,

  • High fever.

This is where the body temperatures are above 39 C. this causes discomfort, especially in children.

  • Coma.

It is a condition whereby a person has longer periods of unconsciousness. Quick action should be taken in order to save life and brain function.

  • Partial paralysis.

This is the inability to make voluntary movements. This is caused by disruption of the nerve signals to muscles.

  • Numbness.

This is described as sensory loss in a part of your body. For example, one cannot feel a needle pinch.

  • Seizures.

A seizure is an immediate disruption in the brain. It causes behavioral change and changes in moods and feelings. However, the signs and symptoms do not last for long but can cause permanent effects.

Treatment and prevention of West Nile virus.

So, you should seek medical attention in case of any signs and symptoms. Additionally, a person can prevent West Nile virus by,

  • Changing pet bowls frequently.
  • Doing away with unused tins could be a breeding place for mosquitoes.
  • Repairing broken windows and doors to avoid mosquitoes.

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