Birth control is a contraception method or any method of preventing yourself from conception or pregnancy. There are several control methods that are used. However, the forms are successful only when only used in the right way. Pregnancy can happen to any person of age who is sexually active. Therefore, this is the reason why you should use birth control methods to avoid unplanned pregnancies.
How does birth control work?
- They prevent the sperm from reaching where the ova is.
- Ensure the ovary does not release an ova.
- Destroy sperm to prevent it from swimming to the ova.
- Thicken the cervical mucus to prevent sperm from swimming through.
- They change the thickness of the walls of the uterus to prevent implantation.
Below are the types of control methods.
Birth control methods that are reversible
Levonorgestrel intrauterine system or LNG IUD- These are small copper T-shaped objects that are placed in the uterus. It is a non-hormonal method of family planning.
Birth control methods that are hormonal
An implant-An implant is a thin rod that is usually placed under your skin on the upper arm. It has got progestin which helps in preventing pregnancy.
Injection or a shot– A shot, mostly known as depo contains progestin and is given in your buttocks or the arm every three months.
Oral contraceptives– These are in form of pills. They contain estrogen and progestin. These oral contraceptives however have to be taken exactly the same time every day. However, they are not recommended for people above 35 years, smokers, or those who have got a history of blood clots or cancer of the breast.
A patch– It is a skin patch that is worn on your lower abdomen, buttocks, or upper part of your body with breasts excluded. A patch releases progestin and estrogen which prevent conception. So, it is put on once a week for three weeks, and need not wear it on the fourth week. This is to allow for menstruation.
A ring– This is a hormonal contraceptive that is placed inside the vagina. It takes up to 3 weeks before changing for a new one after menstruation. It has got progestin and estrogen.
Use of barrier
Cervical cap– This method is also known as the diaphragm method. It is placed inside your vagina and covers your cervix to prevent the sperm from penetrating. The shape of a diaphragm is like that of a shallow cup. You insert it into the vagina just before sexual intercourse
A sponge– It is placed in the vagina and also covers the cervix. A sponge contains spermicide which helps kill the sperm. It is actively functional for up to 24 hours. Moreover, it should be left in your vagina for a minimum of 6 hours after the last.
Use of male condoms-This type is worn by men. It helps in preventing sperm from getting into the vagina. A condom is only used once