John Marshall was the fourth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He served from the year 1801 to 1835.
So, John was born on September 24, 1755, in Germantown, Virginia. However, he died on July 6, 1835, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Family of John Marshall
John was one of thirteen children born to both Thomas Marshal and Mary Randolph Keith. He later married Mary “Polly” Ambler in 1780 and together they had ten children. There are;
- Anne Marshall
- Mary Marshall
- John Marshall Jr.
- James Markham Marshall
- Thomas Marshall
- Edward Carrington Marshall
- Elizabeth Marshall Hollyday
- Maria Marshall Keith
- Lucy Marshall
- William Marshall
Most of his children and grandchildren went on to lead successful lives in their own right. For instance, his son John Marshall Jr. served as the U.S. consul to France, while his grandson John Marshall Harlan went on to become an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
The career of John Marshall
Marshall was a strong supporter of federalism and played a major role in defining the role of the Supreme Court in the American government. Moreover, he believed that the Constitution established a strong central government and that the Supreme Court should have the power to interpret the Constitution and declare federal laws constitutional or unconstitutional.
During his time as Chief Justice, Marshall played a major role in several key cases, including Marbury v. Madison (1803). Here, he established the principle of judicial review, and McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), in which he ruled that the federal government had the power to charter a national bank. Also, he also played a major role in the landmark case of Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), in which he established the power of the federal government to regulate commerce between states.
Moreover, he was a strong believer in the principle of limited government and individual rights. He was a Federalist and a strong supporter of the policies of John Adams. However, he also believed that the Supreme Court should be impartial and free from political influence.
Throughout his career, Marshall was widely respected for his intellect, wisdom, and integrity. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest Chief Justices in American history, and his legacy continues to influence the American legal system to this day.
Why is John Marshal famous?
Marshall is famous for being a prominent figure in American legal history. Also, for serving as the Chief Justice of the United States from the year 1801 to 1835. He played a great role in establishing the Supreme Court as a central part of the American system of government and shaping the interpretation of the United States Constitution.
His judicial opinions, particularly in cases such as Marbury v. Madison (1803) and McCulloch v. Maryland (1819). He established the principle of judicial review and helped to strengthen the power of the federal government. He also made important contributions to property law and commercial law, helping to shape the American legal system in a way that favored commerce and economic growth. Overall, John is considered one of the most influential chief justices in the history of the supreme court and is remembered for his contributions to American constitutional law