Internal bleeding is bleeding that happens within the body. It is easy to see the damage that is outside the body. However, Internal bleeding is not easy to see. The bleeding is mostly on the chest, stomach, and muscles. In addition, it is one of the most serious results of trauma.
Signs and Symptoms of Internal bleeding.
- Passing out.
- Loss of balance.
- Severe headache.
- Shortness of breath.
- Blood in the urine.
- Lastly, chest pain.
Causes of Internal Bleeding.
Sometimes, finding the cause of internal bleeding is easy. For instance, if one is involved in a road accident. However, not every case of Internal bleeding is easy to find. The causes include;
- Damage to the blood vessel.
- Certain medications. For instance, aspirin damages the lining of the stomach.
- High blood pressure. This weakens the blood vessels. The blood vessels can rupture and bleed.
- Smoking and drugs irritate the lining of the stomach.
- Trauma. This is a serious cause.
- Broken bones. Large bones such as the femur can cause internal bleeding.
- Ectopic pregnancy can cause internal bleeding.
Therefore, it is important to get medical attention. Minor internal bleeding quickly becomes serious. So, the cause should be identified and treated quickly.
Diagnosing Internal bleeding is difficult. It requires medical tests and a physical exam. If a doctor suspects internal bleeding, they perform an x-ray. Blood and urine tests also help diagnose the bleeding.
The first aim of treatment is to find the source of bleeding and stop it. Bleeding may be minor and stop on its own. However, other cases are serious and may require surgery. Treatment for minor bleeding is easy. Patients should take a lot of water and rest. This helps the blood vessel repair itself.
Doctors treat severe internal bleeding with vitamin k, frozen plasma, and blood. In addition. they give doses of complex compounds. These help the blood to clot fast. However, if internal bleeding is severe, patients undergo surgery.
So, early diagnosis and treatment of internal bleeding is important. This helps to reduce the risk of complications. In addition.it helps the patient make a full recovery.