Breast cancer, symptoms, risks factors, treatment.

Breast cancer jpg

Breast cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in the breast. These abnormal cells divide more rapidly and accumulate in an area to form a mass. However, the cells can spread to other areas of the breast or to other parts of the body.

Types of Breast Cancer.

  • Inflammatory.
  • Paget’s disease of the breast.
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ.
  • Also, invasive lobular carcinoma.
  • Triple-negative.
  • Lobular carcinoma in situ.
  • Infiltrating ductal carcinoma.


Risk factors of breast cancer.

  • Age – So, people past menopause are at a high risk of developing breast cancer than those in their reproductive age.
  • Gender- women have more breast cancer cases than men.
  • Breast cancer personal history.
  • Family history.
  • Radiation exposure.
  • Obesity.
  • Having undergone postmenopausal hormone therapy.
  • Also, late childbirth.
  • Women who don’t have children have a high risk.
  • Early adolescence stage.
  • Alcohol consumption.



  1. Breast exams are where the doctor asses for lumps in the breast, and lymph nodes in the armpits.
  2. Breast ultrasound.
  3. Mammogram – this is an x-ray of the breast.
  4. Breast biopsy where a small tissue of the suspected area is removed and examined.
  5. Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast shows the interior appearance of the breast.
Breast cancer types


The method of treatment for breast cancer depends on :

  1. Type of breast cancer.
  2. Stage.
  3. Size of the breast lump.
  4. Sensitivity of the cancer cells to hormones.
  1. Mastectomy – this is the surgical removal of the entire breast.
  2. Lumpectomy- the lump plus a small healthy tissue of the breast is removed. Done on small tumors.
  3. Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy where both breasts are removed completely even if only one breast is the one that has cancer. Done when the risk of cancer is high due to genetics of family history.
  4. Sentinel node biopsy to determine if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
  5. Axillary lymph node dissection is done when cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
error: Content is protected !!