Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by chronic bacteria. Syphilis is transmitted from one person to another through the skin or direct contact with the wound. The infection begins as a painless wound in areas such as the mouth, rectum, and private parts. Lack of medical attention in the early stages can lead to future problems such as heart and brain damage.
In children, it is passed from the mothers through birth. It is caused by a bacteria identified as Treponema pallidum. Syphilis treatment is widely known therefore it is easy for people to get a cure and survive normally. Syphilis is difficult to diagnose as its symptoms take a long to appear.
Stages of syphilis.
Primary syphilis- In this stage, a small wound appears on the body at the bacteria spot. It takes about three weeks to mature. Therefore, making it difficult for it to be noticed as it is not painful. In most cases, the wound heals on its own between three to six weeks.
Secondary syphilis- After healing of the original wound a rash appears and later spreads to other parts of the body. Mostly the rash is not itchy and wounds start to appear on the genital area. Signs experienced at this stage include loss of hair, muscle pain, and a sore throat. The signs go away after a few weeks and later reappear after a year.
Latent syphilis- If a person does not seek medical attention the disease shifts to the latent stage when there are no visible symptoms.
Tertiary syphilis – About thirty percent of those who do not seek medical attention reach this stage. This happens after many years of lack of treatment.
Infants born by infected mothers have congenital syphilis. There are no visible signs but the child in the future have signs such as hearing impairments and teeth problems.
Symptoms of syphilis.
The following are the signs to look out for in case of a syphilis infection
- Small wounds on the skin that later disappear after intake of antibiotics.
- Increased problems with the nervous system such as loss of hearing, headache, lack of pain, and blindness.
- Problems related to the heart.
- Abnormalities during pregnancy and giving birth.
- Premature ejaculation is where there is a quick orgasm reaching.
- Inhibited ejaculation where there is slow orgasm reaching.
- Pain in the joints.
- Painless sore at the tip of the penis.
Treatment and prevention.
The following are ways in which one can avoid contracting syphilis
- Abstaining from sex.
- Using condoms during sexual intercourse.
- Avoiding misuse of drugs that can lead to unsafe sex.
- Regular syphilis testing.
Additionally, a person is given a penicillin injection during treatment but several doses in case of a longer period of contraction. In the case of a penicillin allergy, antibiotics can be used instead such as tetracycline.