What is Bubonic plague, its signs, and existence?

Bubonic plague symptoms
Bubonic plague symptoms

Bubonic plague is a common plague that is brought about by an infected flea bite. It is also known as the black death. Unlike in the past, the disease had no cure and it lead to the death of hundreds of people. Currently, its treatment and prevention have been discovered leading to few cases of death experienced.

Countries, where bubonic plague cases are experienced, include the Democratic Republic of Congo, India, and Madagascar. An average of seven cases happen every year of bubonic plague. People between the ages of 12 to 45 are the most affected.

Causes

It is caused by a bacterium known as Yersinia pestis that is transmitted by fleas found on rodents and other animals. It is commonly spread between animals and people also known as a zoonotic disease. An example is whereby a cat feeds on infected rodents and later releases infected droplets to human beings.

On rare occasions, there is a spread from one person to another through the inhaling of droplets in the air. Dogs are also known to spread the plague to people. It brings about the swelling of the intersection at the armpit and neck and there is pus oozing.

Bubonic plague existence

The years between 1346-1353 made history due to the existence of the plague. Although in rare cases the plague still exists especially in parts of the united states, Africa, Asia, and South and North America. The plague still exists but with quick treatment it is curable. Cases reported are only a few thousand in the world.

Signs of bubonic plague

Bubonic plague

The following are the signs of bubonic plague,

  • High body temperatures.
  • Frequent pain in areas such as the abdomen, arms, and legs.
  • Frequent headaches.
  • Leaking pus from swollen lumps.

Treatment and prevention of bubonic plague.

Antibiotics are the prescribed treatment for the bubonic plague. In some cases, a person is isolated to avoid further spread. Some of the ways that the infection can be prevented include

  • Using products to control fleas in pets mostly for those that are not caged.
  • Avoiding roaming pets to share a bed with you.
  • When handling dead animals a person should wear protective clothing such as gloves.
  • Ensuring your compound is free from rodents.
  • Applying insect repellent to furniture around the house.