What is a Comma, Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment?


A comma is a deep state of prolonged unconsciousness due to a variety of causes. The outcome of a comma can depend on the cause and damage a person has sustained.

Symptoms of comma

  • Irregular breathing
  • Lack response of response to painful stimuli
  • Closed eyes
  • Lack of response to limbs
  • Depressed brainstem reflexes

Diagnosis of comma

So, people in commas can not express themselves. Therefore, the healthcare provider should depend on clues and information provided about the affected person. The information may include:

  • Symptoms before the person lost consciousness.
  • Conditions that the person may have had in the past which include, stroke or ministroke.
  • Details concerning how the person affected lost consciousness.
  • Recent noticeable changes in the affected person’s health.
A patient in comma

The affected person may also be diagnosed through the;

  • Physical exam- Observing the affected persons’ movement and responses, breathing patterns, eye movements, and also squirting of warm or cold water to the ear canals to the reaction of the eye.
  • Laboratory tests- These tests sample blood to check for: complete blood count, drug overdose, and carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • Brain scans- The following are the test that can be done to determine brain injury; CT Scan, MRI, and Electroencephalogram (EEG)

Causes of a comma.

  • There are different causes of commas although they involve some level of injury to the central nervous system(CNS). These include ;
  • Lack of oxygen- hypoxia which is the lack of oxygen reduces the supply of oxygen to the brain for instance during a heart attack.
  • Brain injuries- Road Accidents and sports injuries that may involve blows to the head can lead to commas.
  • Drug overdose and Toxins – This causes exposure to carbon monoxide which may result in brain damage.
  • Infections – Fatal inflammation of the brain or tissues surrounding the brain such as meningitis and encephalitis can result in a comma.
  • Diabetes – High blood sugar levels of people diagnosed with diabetes may sometime raise or fall too much. These states, Hyperglycemia, and hypoglycemia, may lead to comma if they continue for too long.

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