What are Burns? Types, causes, and treatment.


Burns occur as a result of damage to the tissue that results from heat, overexposure to the sun, chemicals, or contact with electrical. However, a number of people may recover from burns without developing serious health results. This varies depending on the cause and magnitude of the injury. Mare serious burns require immediate emergency medical care to prevent complications and death.

Types of burns.

There are three types as named below;

1st degree causes minimal skin damage since these burns affect the top layer of the skin. The signs and symptoms disappear once the skin cells are shed. In addition, it usually heals within 7 to 10 days without scarring.

2nd- burns are more serious because the damage extends beyond the top layer of the skin. The second degree makes the skin blister and becomes extremely red and sore. Therefore, some blisters pop open, giving the burns a wet appearance.

3rd- cause the most damage, extending through every layer of skin. The burn is mostly believed to have an experience of greatest pain, which is believed to be a misconception. However, with this type of burn, the damage is so extensive that may not be any pain because of nerve damage.

Symptoms of burns.

Classification of burns.
  • Swelling in the area affected.
  • White or black skin.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • A lot of pain.
  • Voice may change if the concerned system is affected.
  • The skin may peel.
  • Blisters in the affected places.


Chemical burns-burns- strong acids, solvents, or detergents that touch the skin can cause it to burn.

Electrical burns- if you come into contact with an electrical current, you can get this type of burn.

Radiation burns- sunburn is a style of radiation burn. However, radiation, like X-rays or radiation therapy to treat cancer, can cause these burns.

Thermal burns- touching a very hot object raises the temperature of the skin to the point that skin cells start dying.

Cold burns- causes damage to the skin by freezing it. Therefore, you can get frostbite by being outside in freezing temperatures.

Friction burns- when hard objects rub off some of the skin, you have what is called friction burns. However, it is both a scrape and heat burn.


Burn treatment varies depending on the cause and intensity. However, you need to keep all burns clean and apply proper bandages.

1st degree -In this burn, one may run cool water over the burn. However, don’t apply ice. For sunburns, apply aloe vera gel.

2nd-treatment for this and 1st-degree burns are similar. Therefore, doctors may prescribe a stronger antibiotic cream that contains silver, to kill bacteria.

3rd-can be life-threatening and often require skin grafts. Skin grafts replace damaged tissue. Furthermore, the skin graft is taken generally heals on its own.


  • Install and regularly test smoke detectors in your home.
  • Lock up chemicals, lighter, and matches.
  • Always test the water in a shower before getting in.
  • Wear sunscreen.
  • Set your home water heater below 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Cover electrical outlets.
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