Miscarriage, types, causes, and prevention.


A miscarriage is the loss of a baby before the 20th week of pregnancy. It may occur before a mother knows she is pregnant. In addition, it occurs when the fetus does not develop normally. Most people experience cramps during a miscarriage. Therefore, it is painful.

Types of Miscarriages.

  • Early- This is the loss of a pregnancy in the first three months. It is the most common type of miscarriage.
  • Threatened-The body shows signs of a miscarriage. However, they may not last. Therefore, the mother therefore continues having a healthy pregnancy.
  • Inevitable -This miscarriage comes without a warning. The vagina bleeds and therefore the fetus comes out with the blood.
  • Complete- All the pregnancy tissue comes out of the uterus. Bleeding occurs for days and the patient experiences heavy cramping.
  • Incomplete -This happens when some pregnancy tissue remains in the uterus.


  • Infections.
  • Diabetes.
  • Age.
  • Uterus problems.
  • A problem with hormones.

Symptoms of miscarriage.

The most common symptoms include:

  • Pain or cramps in the lower abdomen.
  • Bleeding in the vagina.
  • Tissue coming out from the vagina.
  • Weakness.
  • Loss of weight.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Fever.
  • Lastly, tiredness.

A woman is at high risk for the following reasons;

  • Older age for instance 35 and 40 years old.
  • Previous miscarriages.
  • Smoking.
  • Drinking alcohol.
  • Diseases such as diabetes.

It is important to note that exercise and sexual intercourse do not cause a miscarriage.


The doctor will do blood tests to check whether a patient has had any before. This is to check if there are pregnancy hormones. In addition, doctors perform an ultrasound. This, therefore, checks the baby’s heartbeat. The doctors also perform a pelvic exam

Measures that can help prevent a miscarriage.

  • Avoid drug abuse such as alcohol,
  • Quit smoking.
  • Regular visits to the doctor.
  • Mothers should also take multivitamins.
  • Reduce drinking beverages such as coffee.
  • Eating a healthy balanced diet.
  • Avoid infections.
  • Exercising regularly.
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