What is a fever, causes, symptoms, types, treatment?

Fever jpg

Fever is a temporary rise in one’s body temperature in response to the immune system. Most fevers go away on their own within hours. However, in infants and newborns, fevers should not be ignored. The average body temperature is 37 C (98 F) although it may vary from one person to another and time of the day.

Causes of fever.

High body fever may be caused by:

  • Bacterial infection.
  • Viral infection.
  • Effects of some immunization medication e.g. COVID.
  • Heat exhaustion.
  • Effects of medications such as antibiotics.
  • Malignant tumors.
  • Some medical conditions such as arthritis.
  • Gastro-intestinal infection.
  • Skin infection.


  • Headache.
  • Fatigue.
  • Body sweating.
  • Shivering and chills.
  • Dehydration.
  • Irritability.
  • Muscles pains.
  • Confusing.
  • Poor feeding for children.
  • Seizures which may be random.

Types of fevers.

Prevention measures.

  1. Avoid sharing utensils with children when sick.
  2. Ensure one is immunized so as to prevent attacks of infections such as influenza.
  3. Proper hand washing before meals and after visiting the toilet to avoid infections.
  4. One should cover the mouth when coughing and the nose when sneezing to avoid the spread of the virus.
  5. Use of hand sanitizers especially when in public.


Treatment of Fever

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