Cellulitis is a bacterial infection mostly caused by group A streptococcus which infects your skin and the tissues beneath the skin. However, the risk is higher if one has a skin wound that allows bacteria to enter the body easily or a weak immune system. The infection causes redness, pain, and swelling in the infected area of the skin and it can cause serious health problems if untreated. However, the disease is not contagious and hence can not be transmitted to other people.
However, Doctors diagnose the disease by looking at the affected skin during a physical examination and blood or any other tests that are usually needed.
Signs and symptoms of cellulitis.
So, the symptoms often affect the feet and legs. The affected skin may look pitted or blisters may appear. Therefore, the symptoms may include;
- Discoloration may look like a rash. (red or slightly darker than the usual skin color.)
- Fluid-filled blisters
- Skin surface that looks pitted or lumpy Tenderness
Treatment of cellulitis
Usually, the doctors treat cellulitis using antibiotics keeping the limb elevated can speed up recovery and decrease swelling if the infection is in the arm or leg.
Types of antibiotics;
- Oral antibiotics- These ate medicine that is taken by mouth and is used to treat most cellulitis infections.
- Intravenous antibiotics – These are medications that are given directly to the vein and are used to treat the most serious infections.
Home remedies and lifestyle
- Elevating part of the body that is affected.
- Wearing compression wraps or stockings.
- Ask the health care provider to suggest a nonprescription pain medication.
- Place a cool, damp cloth on the affected area for your comfort and to ease any pain.
Prevention of chlamydia
- Covering the wounds with bandages from entering the area.
- Getting medical attention instantly for deep cuts or puncture wounds.
- Applying antibiotics ointment on the wounds or sores.
- Using antibacterial soap and water to clean wounds or sores.