What is Enamel Hypoplasia, cause, and Treatment?

Enamel Hypoplasia Image.

Enamel Hypoplasia is a type of defect of the enamel. Hypoplasia occurs when developing both permanent and temporary teeth in babies and adults. The teeth often decay during the process.

Causes of Enamel Hypoplasia.

  • Enamel hypoplasia can be caused by both hereditary and environmental factors.
  • Some of the environmental factors include;
  • premature birth
  • Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy
  • The trauma brought about by growing teeth
  • Bacteria and virus infections
  • A pregnant mother who is an active smoker.
  • Multiple births
  • Malnutrition

Enamel hypoplasia may appear as a white spot on the enamel, a stain that is yellowish-brown in color, or a thin or chipped enamel with missing parts when severe.

Prevention of Enamel Hypoplasia.

An image of enamel hypoplasia.

The main preventive measures are as follows:

  • One should brush at least twice a day and rinse with lukewarm water.
  • While brushing ensure that the brush used is soft and gentle on the enamel.
  • Ensure dental checkups are at least made twice a year or if the condition is severe every 3 months is recommended.
  • The fluoride concentration in water should at least be 4.0 mg/l.
  • Minimum use of sugary drinks and foods.


  • Tooth bleaching is mostly done to neutralize the tooth color. The product used is a tooth gel that is applied for about 40 minutes for several sessions for it to clear out.
  • Stainless steel crowning is often suggested to kids since it’s less costly and installed only once and doesn’t need several appointments.
  • Tooth bonding is where a durable plastic material is applied and bonded with the teeth to make them look more like a person’s teeth.
  • Use of veneers which are colored tooth shells often installed on the front surface and can last 10-30 years from the time of installation. A dentist may recommend crown restorations to cover the affected area.
  • use of resin-bonded sealants which are thin layers of resin placed on the molars to prevent tooth decay and can last between 4-8 years.

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