National security organs are the government bodies that provide internal security or protect the country from external attacks. They also help in the maintenance of law and order. They include :
- The Defence forces
- National intelligence service
- National police service
Kenya Defence forces
The Kenya defence forces consist of:
- The Kenya Army
- Kenya Air Force
- The Kenya Navy
Functions of Kenya Defence forces as a National Security Organ
- So, the main function is to defend Kenya from External aggression.
- Kenya Navy has the responsibility of patrolling Kenya’s territorial waters and defending Kenya against seaborne invasions.
- Also, it is responsible for dealing with illegal docking and departures and unauthorized fishing.
- The Defence forces sometimes assist the police in the maintenance of law and order.
- However, sometimes they also engage in non-military activities such as extinguishing uncomfortable fires in forests.
National intelligence services as a National Security Organ
This is the body which collects and gathers intelligence reports which are important to the state of security. The head is the Director General who is a member of the National security council.
Functions of the National intelligence services
- They collect intelligence information on threats to state security.
- Gathers information on external threats to the nation.
- Keeps the state informed on the feelings of the people towards the government and government policies.
National police Service
So, this body consists of the Kenya police service and the Administration police service. It is headed by the Inspector General of the National police service. The Kenya Police service has several units such as:
- Criminal investigation department
- General service unit
- Traffic police
- Police Airwing
- Anti Narcotics unit
Functions of the National police service
- They maintain law and order by preventing and detecting crime.
- Also, they arrest suspected criminals and take them to a court of law.
- Directing traffic and inspection of motor vehicles.
- Monitor incoming and outgoing traffic at the border.
- Offer security to senior government officers and buildings.
- Preventing corruption.
- Training staff to the highest possible standards of competence and integrity.
Challenges the National security Organs face
- Acts of terrorism have complicated the fight against crime.
- Betrayal by some of the officers who are corrupt.
- The high influx of refugees from a war-torn country hence posing a security risk.
- External interference frustrates their efforts.
- Inadequate training affects their operations.
- Employment of more officers to improve the overall police-to-population ratio.
- Increasing the duration of training officers to make them efficient in their operations.
- Providing modern equipment.
- Increasing funding to security Organs for purchasing their requirements for daily operations.
- Improving the conditions and terms of service for police officers.