Dandruff is a common condition that causes the skin on the scalp to flake. It is not contagious, embarrassing, and difficult to treat. Treating mild dandruff can be done with a gentle daily shampoo. This is not about your hair or how often you wash it, instead, it’s about the skin on your scalp. Skin cells that grow and die off too fast are the problem. The reason why that happens is not clear. A very common fungus called Malassezia may contribute to dandruff. This fungus lives on the scalp of most healthy adults without causing any problems. One theory is that the immune system of someone with dandruff may overreact to that fungus. Stressing or sickness may make the effect worse. Cold, dry winters can also trigger the effect.
Skin flake on your scalp.
Scaly, crusty scalp in infants which cradle cap.
Causes of dandruff.
Dry skin- if cold winter air dries out the skin all over, then dry skin may be the cause of dandruff.
Contact Dermatitis- is skin irritation causing either an allergen or an irritant. However, it results in an itchy possibly painful rash. And in the case of dandruff, that reaction is on the scalp.
Seborrheic Dermatitis- if you have a particularly bad case of dandruff, it’s likely a mild case of seborrheic dermatitis. In addition, SD is a chronic form of eczema that impacts areas of the body, that secrete the most sebum. People with oily skin are often more prone to dandruff.
Shampooing habits- for those who are already at risk for dandruff, washing infrequently can worsen the condition. Therefore, long breaks can lead to a buildup of oil that can lead to dandruff.
Sex- androgen hormones stimulate activity in the sebaceous gland. In addition, men are more frequently affected by dandruff than women.
Baking soda- is a quick, convenient, and readily available remedy. It acts as a gentle exfoliant to remove dead skin, cells and reduce scaling and itchiness. In addition, it also has antifungal properties that benefit its treatment.
Omega- 3s- are vital to skin health. They help to manage oil production and hydration. Moreover, it promotes wound healing and prevents premature aging.
Aspirin- works by helping to get rid of scaly skin and loosening flakes. Salicylic acid is one of the primary compounds found in aspirin. It is responsible for its anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, this acid is also an ingredient in many anti-dandruff shampoos.
Coconut oil- this may work by improving skin hydration and preventing dryness. Also, coconut oil aids the treatment of eczema, a skin condition that contributes to dandruff.
Aloe vera- is a succulent that is added to skin ointments, cosmetics, and lotion. When applied to the skin, it may help to treat skin conditions such as burns. Similarly, several test-tube studies show that aloe vera may be effective against several species of fungi. This may help to control certain fungal infections.
Apple cider vinegar- This is a natural remedy.