Cholera is a disease from bacteria-causing microorganisms. Cholera causes severe diarrhea and is spread through drinking water that is already contaminated. Storing and handling food properly reduces cholera contamination. In areas with a high population, sewage or water treatment should often happen to reduce the spread of cholera.
Eating raw fruits and poorly washed vegetables leads to cholera. Food that is not well cooked when eaten, for example, seafood causes cholera.
Signs and Symptoms of Cholera
The major signs and symptoms of Cholera include;
- Diarrhea- The bacteria causing Cholera causes severe stomach upsets leading to dehydration due to the loss of body fluids.
- Vomiting and Nausea- This mainly occurs at the initial stages of cholera infection. It lasts hours when not dealt with immediately.
- Uneasiness and moody appearance- These symptoms are a result of less water content in the body.
- Thirst- Too much water lost through diarrhea makes one drink a lot of water.
- Weak muscles which is a result of lost water containing sodium, chloride, and potassium.
- Low blood pressure leads to shock and death in some cases.
Prevention of Cholera
The following measures are put into practice in reducing the risk of cholera;
- Boiling drinking water and storing it in a cool dry place in clean containers.
- Washing raw fruits and vegetables with clean water before eating.
- Treating sewage in nearby homes and ensuring that the drainage system is well taken care of.
- Cook seafood thoroughly.
- Cleaning all dirty utensils after use and storing well in a dry place.
- In addition, all sick patients need to see a doctor as soon as they experience some symptoms.
The best ways for cholera treatment include the following;
- In cases of severe water loss, oral hydration restores lost water during diarrhea. This involves taking solutions that contain salt and sugar components.
- Prescribing antibiotics to severely ill patients and those in hospital admission.