What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome? and treatment.

Irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome(IBS) is a disorder that affects the large intestines. This disease affects between 6 and 18% of people in the world. The disorder changes the form in which the bowel moves. The symptoms are different for different people. Therefore, this makes it difficult to know the specific foods that cause the disorder. This is a condition that one needs to manage for a long time.

Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome(IBS

  • Abdominal pain-This is the most common symptom.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constipation.
  • Changes in stomach movement.
  • Bloating.
  • Tiredness.
  • Difficulty sleeping.
  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.

More serious signs and symptoms are weight loss and vomiting.

Causes of irritable bowel syndrome(IBS

The exact cause of this disorder is not known. However, the following are some of the possible causes;

  • Bacterial infection in the intestines.
  • Sensitive colon or immune system.
  • Abnormal serotonin levels in the colon.
  • Diseases that damage the intestines.
  • History of IBS.
  • Stress.
  • Food passes through the gut too slowly or quickly.


The doctor diagnoses IBS based on the symptoms. , the patient may also have to eat a specific group of food, This is to rule out any allergies.

Moreover, blood tests are done. This checks for anemia. The doctors also take stool samples to check for infections.


There is no cure for IBS. Therefore, treatment is done to relieve the symptoms. The following are home remedies for IBS. Doctors recommend them before the use of any medicine.

  • Regular exercise.
  • Eating smaller meals
  • Reduce caffeine.
  • Reduce stress.
  • Avoid spicy foods.
  • Take probiotics to help with bloating.
  • Avoid deep-fried food.
  • Avoid gas-producing foods.

In addition, foods that patients with IBS should avoid are sugars, dairy, and beans.


If the symptoms do not improve through home remedies, doctors suggest the use of medication. People respond differently to the same medicine. Some drugs are used to treat all the symptoms of IBS. However, other drugs focus on specific symptoms. They are;

  • Medicines that control muscle cramps.
  • Ant constipation drugs.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Antidepressants.

Therefore, diet changes and medicines help control the symptoms. So, IBS is a disorder that is difficult to treat. With the different symptoms, it is therefore hard to treat the disorder using the same medicines.

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