Glioblastoma is a cancer disease affecting the spinal cord or the brain part of the human body. The cancer forms from cells supporting nerve cells also known as astrocytes. It has no age limit as anyone has a chance of getting this disease. Any age group is at risk at whatever time in their life. However, Glioblastoma is common in older adults. Patients suffering from Glioblastoma will averagely live up to 12-15 months after the diagnosis and begins treatment. In addition, those with no access to any treatment can stay up to 4 months.
What Causes Glioblastoma?
- Glioblastoma mostly occurs in patients with genetic disorders such as neurofibromatosis type 1, Li Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot syndrome
- In addition, too much stress increases releasing of hormones which promote the growth of cancer cells.
- A person using the phone for a long period of time has a higher risk of getting glioblastoma.
- Additionally, people suffering from scalp infections or cancers of the brain or those from leukemia therapy are at high risk of contracting the disease.
- Radiation therapy of the brain increases the chances of getting it.
Warning Signs of Glioblastoma.
- A patient has confusion when carrying out daily normal activities.
- In addition, memory loss occurs and one easily loses track of remembering things.
- The patient is also angry with people around them and irritable.
- Loss of appetite and vomiting.
- Unclear in seeing things whether in close range or at a far distance.
- Lose bladder.
- Sudden loss of weight.
Options Advisable in Treating Glioblastoma
- Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and Targeted drug therapy.
- A neurosurgeon will perform surgery in removing the glioblastoma completely.
- Drug therapy on shrinking the glioblastoma.
Risks arising from Treatment.
- Patients receiving treatment often suffer from Radiation dermatitis. The skin often appears red and swollen.
- Moreover, patients often suffer from memory loss and speech.
- Headache and seizures.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Fertility loss.
- Lower platelet levels.
- Periods may not occur for some time.
It is however not that even after successful surgery, the cancer cells are not permanently removed. This simply means that a person can survive up to 3 years before being diagnosed with the same disease.