What is Asthma? Symptoms, causes, and prevention.

Asthma attack reliever
Asthma attack reliever

Asthma is a condition in which a person’s airways narrow and swell. They may also produce a lot of mucus. This makes breathing difficult and leads to coughing. A whistling sound comes out when one breathes out. For some people, asthma is a minor condition. However, it can be a major problem that interferes with daily activities.

Asthma has no cure. However, one can control the symptoms. This condition changes over time.


The symptoms vary from person to person. Symptoms can occur all the time or only at certain times. They include;

  • Chest pain.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Wheezing when breathing out.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Coughing.

Causes of Asthma.

It is not clear why some people get asthma and others do not. The following are some causes of asthma.

  • Respiratory infections such as a cold.
  • Cold air.
  • Physical activities.
  • Allergens such as pollen and dust.
  • Stress.
  • Strong emotions.
  • Medicines such as aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Preservatives in some food.

Risk Factors.

The following are factors that increase the risk of developing asthma.

  • Smoking.
  • Being overweight.
  • Exposure to air pollution.
  • Chemicals used in farming.
  • Allergic reactions.
  • When one has a relative with asthma.

One should see a doctor when one experiences symptoms of asthma. Treating asthma early prevents lung damage. In addition, it also prevents the condition from getting worse. Medication reduces the symptoms. However, one should not take more medicines than the prescribed ones. Overusing asthma medicines causes side effects.


Asthma medication

There is no clear way to prevent asthma. However, a doctor can help make a plan that controls the condition. This also prevents asthma attacks.

  • One should follow the asthma plan. This is by taking medicines and managing an asthma attack.
  • Getting vaccinated for pneumonia. This prevents flu and pneumonia from causing asthma.
  • Avoid things that cause asthma such as dust and cold air.
  • Monitor your breathing.
  • Take medicines as prescribed.
  • Treat attacks early. If you act quickly, you are less likely to develop a severe attack. You won’t also need medications to control the symptoms.

Therefore, proper treatment prevents both short-term and long-term complications that cause asthma.

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